Plastics are a magical material. They help us package medical equipment to keep it clean and safe, bottle up water to take to places that don’t have access to water, make safety equipment like bike helmets and the list goes on! But the problem is that plastic’s wonderful properties like being weather resistant, strong, and durable, also make plastic our worst enemy! When we are done using plastics, they stay around on the Earth for hundreds of years (approximately 450 years!), causing harm to humans and nature.
Plastics have allowed humans to do so many amazing things, so we keep producing more and more of them! We have developed a throwaway culture whereby plastic products are designed to be used for a short period of time and then thrown away.
Think about a plastic water bottle for example, you might buy one while you are out and about, guzzle the water and then throw it into a public bin on the streets. Within the next day or so, the wonderful binmen and binwomen from the city council will come and collect all the rubbish and take it to landfillA place where rubbish is buried to get rid of it., but if they don’t happen to get there quick enough the bin might overflow and the rubbish might get blown away.
Did you know that 500 billion plastic bottles are thrown away each year? This means that there are 66 times as many bottles as there are humans on the planet.
When rubbish gets blown away it ends up in creeks and rivers, and eventually the ocean where it harms sea animals and humans alike. In fact, about 8 million tonnes of plastic enter the ocean every year, that’s the weight of 2 million elephants! Sometimes fish get trapped in the plastic, other times they confuse plastic for food and eat it. When fish eat plastics, it blocks their stomach, and they cannot eat real food. If you eat fish, you are probably eating small amounts of microplastic too!
But perhaps lesser known are the effects of landfill on the environment. As rubbish decomposesBreak down into smaller parts. it releases greenhouse gasesGases that form a layer around Earth, like a blanket, and make Earth heat up. When there are too many of these, Earth starts warming up more than it should. such as methane which contribute to global warming. They also release harmful chemicals that can get into the soil and water making humans and animals sick.
People and governments all over the world are making great strides in tackling the problem of plastic pollution so that we can continue to do all the wonderful things that we do without harming the environment.
Laws are being introduced to limit plastic consumption. For example, in July 2021 a law was introduced in Europe to ban straws, plastic bottles, coffee cups, and takeaway containers made from certain plastics.
In a similar vein, some places are using financialHaving to do with money. measures to control plastic consumption. These include shops charging customers for plastic bags or offering discounts on drinks if customers bring their own refillable cups.
People are also dedicating their time to cleaning up our beaches and oceans. This can be by attending beach clean-ups, or by inventing technologies that can help remove plastic from our oceans.
The good news is that by making a couple small changes to your lifestyle, you can make a huge difference to the problem of plastic pollution.